New contracts system for work in the private sector

Federal Decree Law No. 33 of 2021 regulating labor relations defines four main types or systems of work to be contracted between workers and employers in private sector establishments, while the executive regulations of the decree-law, issued by the Council of Ministers by Resolution No. 1 of 2022, created two new patterns. Thus, the total work patterns in the private sector are six systems, according to which one can be contracted.

The Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation stated that the four traditional work patterns (which were included in the previous law), “full-time”, which is work for one employer for the full daily working hours throughout the working days, and “part-time”, which is work for an employer or Employers for a specified number of working hours or days set for work, as well as “temporary work”, which is work whose nature requires a specific period to be carried out, or is focused on a work in itself and ends with its completion, in addition to “flexible work”, which is the task or termination of its work. His work depends on the workload and economic and operational variables with the employer, and the worker may work for the employer at changing times according to work conditions and requirements.

The ministry stated, in a series of indicative publications to raise awareness of the law regulating labor relations, on its official electronic pages on social media platforms, that the executive regulations of the decree-law have created two new patterns or systems that have been added to the patterns established in the decree-law, the first is "remote work", and is performed All or part of the work is outside the workplace, and the communication between the worker and the employer is electronic instead of being physically present, whether the work is part-time or full-time.

The second system is called “job-sharing,” according to which tasks and duties are divided between more than one worker to perform the tasks agreed upon in advance, and it is reflected in the value of the wage due to each of them so that it is proportional.

The ministry confirmed that dealing with these two types is in accordance with the regulations for part-time work, noting that it has the right to create other types of work as required by the requirements of the labor market, taking into account what is stipulated in the decree-law.