The International Astronomy Center confirmed that the United Arab Emirates will witness a partial eclipse of the sun next Tuesday, October 25, and the eclipse will be seen in the Arab countries, except for Morocco, Mauritania and the Comoros, noting that the eclipse is an astronomical phenomenon that occurs when the moon falls between the sun and the Earth, then The sun disappears behind the moon either in whole or in part. The moon is seen as the size of the sun, although it is 400 times smaller than the sun because it is 400 times closer than the sun.
In detail, the Director of the International Astronomy Center, Engineer Muhammad Shawkat Odeh, explained the possibility of seeing the eclipse from most of Europe, northeastern Africa, western and central Asia, where the eclipse always begins from the western regions and gradually moves towards the east, and for the globe, this eclipse will start from northwest Europe near Iceland at 08:58 am GMT, then gradually moves to North Africa and then to Western Asia, reaching its peak at 11:00 am GMT, until it ends at 01:02 GMT in the middle of the Arabian Sea. The highest eclipse rate will be in Russia, at 86%.
Odeh said: “For the Arab countries, the highest percentage of the eclipse will be in northern Iraq, followed by the Levant and the northern half of the Arabian Peninsula, then Egypt and the southern half of the Arabian Peninsula, and then Libya, Tunisia, Sudan, Somalia and Djibouti, and it will be visible in a very simple way from the northeast. Algeria only.
He added: "In areas that will witness a partial eclipse at a high rate, when a large percentage of the sun's rays are blocked, the color and intensity of the sky's brightness begin to differ, and the shadows become more intense, to the extent that the shadow of the head hair can be observed sharply, and this change leads to affecting the behavior of some the animals.
Odeh warned against looking directly at the sun at the time of the eclipse, as it may lead to eye damage that may reach the point of permanent blindness, noting that this warning is valid at the time of the eclipse and others, there are no special rays at the time of the eclipse, but the eclipse will be a strong motivation to look Directly towards the sun, which leads to eye injury of varying degrees.
He stressed that the feeling that the sun’s rays are harmless and that you can look at them is a wrong feeling, as the eye’s lens works like a small magnifying glass. The biggest danger is that the retina does not have pain receptors, so the observer does not feel the problem until hours after that.
He pointed out that using some filters that were believed to be safe poses the same danger as looking at the sun's rays directly. The fact that the sun's rays are not harmful through the filter does not mean that you can look safely at the sun, as there are infrared and ultraviolet rays, so the filter must contain a layer of Aluminum, chrome or silver to prevent infrared rays from reaching your eyes. Also unsafe filters are used medical x-rays and sunglasses.
Odeh said: "One of the safe ways to observe the eclipse with the naked eye is to use special sunglasses to observe the eclipse, and astronomical societies usually provide a number of them for those interested, or using the filter used in welding iron number 12 or 14.
He added: "The eclipse is an astronomical phenomenon that occurs when the moon is located between the sun and the earth, then the sun disappears behind the moon, either completely or partially. The moon is seen as the size of the sun, even though it is 400 times smaller than it because it is 400 times closer than the sun, even if its diameter 225 km less, we would not be able to see any total eclipse, and if it was half the current distance, the eclipse would be monthly, and it is estimated that one out of every 25 thousand people has the opportunity to see a total eclipse. The frequency of total eclipses over the same area every 360-400 years. .
Odeh continued: “In order to see the eclipse, two conditions must be met: the first is the presence of the sun above the horizon at the time of the eclipse, and the second is that our location on Earth is suitable for seeing the eclipse. Totally eclipsed. This includes that the dates of the beginning and end of the eclipse and the percentage of the sun for the same eclipse differ from one region to another.
Odeh indicated that the International Astronomy Center will broadcast a live and direct broadcast of the eclipse from the Astronomical Seal Observatory in Abu Dhabi, and the broadcast can be followed on the center's various channels on social media.