International Astronomy Center
International Astronomy Center

The International Astronomy Center issues a statement about the beginning of Ramadan 2020.

The International Astronomy Center issued a statement about the beginning of the blessed month of Ramadan for this year 1441 AH 2020.

The statement publishes the full text of the statement in order to circulate the benefit:

As the month of Shaaban started on Thursday 26 March 2020 AD in most Islamic countries, then most countries will investigate the crescent of Ramadan on Thursday, 29 Shaaban 1441 AH corresponding to April 23, 2020 AD. These countries include Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, India, Pakistan, Iran, Sultanate of Oman, Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Libya, Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania and most of the non-Arab Islamic countries in Africa. While there are a few countries that started the month of Sha`ban on Wednesday, March 25, and accordingly, these countries will investigate the crescent of Ramadan on Wednesday, April 22, including Iraq, Egypt, Turkey and Tunisia.

As for the countries that will investigate the crescent on Wednesday, the moon will be absent on that day before sunset and the pairing will occur after sunset, meaning that seeing the crescent is impossible after sunset on Wednesday, and therefore these countries will complete several peoples thirty days, and the blessed month of Ramadan will start on Friday, April 24, God willing.

As for the countries that will investigate the crescent on Thursday, seeing the crescent on Thursday is not possible with the naked eye from anywhere in the Islamic world, while it is possible to use the telescope only and with great difficulty from parts of Sudan, Libya and Algeria, and from Morocco and Mauritania. Seeing the crescent day is possible with the naked eye with difficulty in parts of the Americas. Also, seeing the crescent of its day using astronomical technique is very difficult.

Since there is a possibility to see the crescent from parts of the Islamic world on Thursday, it is expected that Friday, April 24, will be the beginning of the holy month of Ramadan in most Islamic countries.

As for the countries that require vision only with the naked eye or countries in the middle and east of the Islamic world that will not be able on Thursday to see the crescent even using the telescope, it is expected that the holy month of Ramadan will start on Saturday, April 25.

With regard to the situation of the crescent on Thursday, April 23 in some Arab and Islamic cities, the surface calculations of the crescent at sunset are as follows:
Jakarta: The moon is absent 18 minutes after sunset, 10 hours and 10 minutes old.
Abu Dhabi: The moon is absent 20 minutes after sunset, and is 13 hours and 43 minutes old.
Makkah Al-Mukarramah: The moon will be absent 23 minutes after sunset, and is 14 hours and 31 minutes old.
Amman: The moon is absent 22 minutes after sunset, and is 14 hours and 47 minutes old.
Cairo: The moon will be absent 23 minutes after sunset, and is 14 hours and 57 minutes old.
Rabat: The moon will be absent 28 minutes after sunset, 16 hours and 53 minutes old.
Khartoum: The moon will be absent 24 minutes after sunset, and is 14 hours and 52 minutes old.

Seeing the crescent on Thursday from Jakarta, Abu Dhabi, Makkah, Amman and Cairo is not possible with the naked eye or the telescope. While seeing the crescent from Rabat and Khartoum is possible using the telescope only and with great difficulty. In order to know the meanings of these numbers, it should be noted that the lowest remaining crescent moon that was visible to the naked eye was 29 minutes, while the lowest age of the crescent moon was visible to the naked eye was 15 hours and 33 minutes, and it is not enough that the crescent moon’s stay and age exceed these values ​​to be seen, as seeing the crescent Related to other factors such as its angular distance from the sun and its distance from the horizon at the time of its observation.

To learn about the results of observing the crescent of the month of Ramadan, you can visit the website of the Islamic Project for Observing the Crescents of the International Astronomy Center on the Internet at the address (www.AstronomyCenter.net), where the project was established in 1998 AD and currently includes more than 800 members from scientists and interested in monitoring family and calculating calendars . This project encourages those interested in various countries of the world to investigate the crescent and send the results of their monitoring to the project through its website, where it is published successively after being audited and scrutinized.

The map below shows how well you can see the crescent of Ramadan on Thursday, April 23 from all regions of the world, so that:
- Seeing the crescent is impossible from the areas located in red color due to the setting of the moon before sunset or / and due to the occurrence of surface conjugation after sunset.
Seeing the crescent is not possible, neither with the telescope nor with the naked eye from the non-colored areas.
Vision of the crescent is only possible by using the telescope from the areas in blue.
- Seeing the crescent is possible by using the telescope from the areas located in the pink color. It is possible to see the crescent with the naked eye if the atmosphere is completely clear and monitored by an experienced observer.